Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last person to rule Egypt as an Egyptian pharaoh and we know her for her three things her rule, beauty and her famous snake – after she died, Egypt became a Roman province. She was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt.
Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father Ptolemy XII Auletes and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, whom she also married, but eventually she became sole ruler. As pharaoh, she consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne. She later elevated her son with Caesar, Caesarion, to co-ruler in name.