Responsive web design is based on adapting web design depending on users’ display screen. This way we adapt our website to mobile devices without the necessity of having two separate websites and we also adapt the website to great resolutions to improve user experience. Until recently, companies used to create two designs, one for their desktop website and one for their mobile website. However, responsive web design restructures the design to adapt it to different formats like mobile phones, tablets, desktop computers, etc. Here, we are giving some major designing tips to build responsive website.
Why to build a Responsive Website
If you are in the business of building and designing websites, you cannot ignore the fact that many people are going to be visiting your sites on their smartphones and tablets. The Web and the mobile browsers remain one of the top ways that users interact with websites and if they have trouble on their smartphone, there is a good chance they are not coming back.
- The fast and inevitable shift from desktop to mobile means that web designers will have to plan their projects not just for laptops or computer systems (desktops), but also for smartphones, game consoles, and tablets.
- This is precisely how Responsive Web Design comes to our rescue by providing mobile developers with a way to accommodate the vast and ever-growing variety of screens and devices pragmatically and efficiently.
Advantages of Responsive Website
The advantages of responsive web design becomes very clear if you take a moment to examine and understand the realities of modern web and mobile technologies, and implementing a responsive design is easier than you might think.
- It is a new approach that takes into account several important factors such as user behaviour, screen size, and operating platform.
- Responsive design responds automatically and optimally to the preferences of the user, regardless of their screen or software of choice.
Best Way to Build a Responsive Website
Responsive design is a concept where you build your website once and then format it so it can adapt to any screen size that accesses it. Designers use HTML5 and CSS to build the sites and set parameters so the content will resize itself whether the user is in vertical or horizontal viewing mode, on a tablet, desktop or smartphone or even a screen as large as a television.
- The first thing to think of when building a responsive site is simplicity.
- Web designers love to show off that they can design the hell out of a website.
- They fall in love with their code and all the cool things that it can do.
Keep your Layout Simple
- There are a variety of ways to go about building a responsive website.
- The idea is to focus around content and avoid the pitfalls that certain aspects of websites can create.
Media Queries are probably the most important tool that a web designer has to make their sites responsive. This set of rules enables developers to create fluid designs that adapt without distortion or loss of quality to the viewer’s device.
- It is a good to point out that this set of guidelines (or rules) should be stored in a separate CSS style sheet from the one in which there are those for the general style (which is usually named style.css).
- When talking about responsive design, you basically have to concentrate on width conditions, depending on the user’s current width. You can load an alternate style sheet or add specific styles.
- Common resolutions can be classified into 6 major breakpoints.
Make your Layout Flexible
Flexible grids use columns to organize content, and relative instead of fixed width to adapt the viewport size.
- Fluid layout is the best way to be ready for any kind of screen size and orientation.
- Combined with the right Media Queries you can adapt to any device.
Remember Max and Min
You can use max and min as boundaries applied to your relative sizes. Combine a fluid layout media with clever min/max sizes and Media Query breakpoints for maximal adaptability.
- A simple style can make pictures fluid too.
- You can also use breakpoints for alternate pictures, if bandwidth is not an issue.
One Column to rule them all
One major rule to set up in the low resolution style sheets is getting all the content in one column. If needed, apply specific rules to fix the design parts that may be broken.
- It’s very easy and simply overrides the width of every column block in your mobile style sheet.
- Some parts of your design will never be used in a mobile context, so you might remove them as well.