When I was a child one of my wish was to visit National gallery of Arts in London, which came true now in the form of this post, where I have tried to post some master pieces of seascape and warships from 16th century to 18th century from the prominent painters of that era, I hope you will like the post as these paitings are very big source of inspiration for designers.
The National Gallery Collection contains over 2,300 works, including many famous works, such as van Eyck’s Arnolfini Portrait, Velázquez’s Rokeby Venus, Turner’s Fighting Temeraire and Van Gogh’s Sunflowers.
- 13th- to 15th-century paintings
Duccio, Uccello, van Eyck, Lippi, Mantegna, Botticelli, Dürer, Memling, Bellini
- 16th-century paintings
Leonardo, Cranach, Michelangelo, Raphael, Holbein, Bruegel, Bronzino, Titian, Veronese
- 17th-century paintings
Caravaggio, Rubens, Poussin, Van Dyck, Velázquez, Claude, Rembrandt, Cuyp, Vermeer
- 18th- to early 20th-century paintings
Canaletto, Goya, Turner, Constable, Ingres, Degas, Cézanne, Monet, Van Gogh
Artist: Willem van de Velde
Willem van de Velde was the leading Dutch marine painter of the later 17th century. His later paintings shaped the development of seascape painting in England in the 18th century. They are mainly representations of particular vessels and naval events.
Willem van de Velde was born in Leiden. He was the son of the painter Willem van de Velde the Elder, and the brother of Adriaen van de Velde, who was a landscape and figure painter. He was probably trained by his father, who was famous for his accurate monochrome representations of ships on panel. He was also trained by Simon de Vlieger.
Van de Velde was active in Amsterdam, where the family settled, until 1672 when as a consequence of the economic collapse brought about by the French invasion he was forced to move to England to earn his living. By 1674 he and his father had entered the service of Charles II, and he had the use of a studio in the Queen’s House at Greenwich, before moving to Westminster in 1691.
Dutch Ships in a Calm – 1660
Two Small Vessels and a Dutch Man-of-War in a Breeze
A Dutch Yacht saluting
The Shore at Scheveningen – 1660
Dutch Vessels lying Inshore in a Calm, one Saluting 1660
Dutch Vessels Inshore and Men Bathing – 1661
A Small Dutch Vessel close-hauled in a Strong Breeze – 1672
A River with Fishermen drawing a Net – 1630-5
A Dutch Ship, a Yacht and Smaller Vessels in a Breeze – 1660
Dutch Ships and Small Vessels Offshore in a Breeze – 1660
Three Ships in a Gale – 1673
Boats pulling out to a Yacht in a Calm 1665
An English Vessel and Dutch Ships Becalmed – 1660
A Dutch Vessel in a Strong Breeze – 1670
A Dutch Ship coming to Anchor – 1657
Small Dutch Vessels in a Breeze 1660
Two Dutch Vessels – 1670
A Dutch Ship and Other Small Vessels in a Strong Breeze – 1658
Turner is perhaps the best-loved English Romantic artist. He became known as ‘the painter of light’, because of his increasing interest in brilliant colours as the main constituent in his landscapes and seascapes. His works include water colours, oils and engravings.
Turner was born near Covent Garden in London and entered the Royal Academy Schools in 1789. His earliest works form part of the 18th-century topographical tradition. He was soon inspired by 17th-century Dutch artists such as Willem van der Velde, and by the Italianate landscapes of Claude and Richard Wilson.
He exhibited watercolours at the Royal Academy from 1790, and oils from 1796. In 1840 he met the critic John Ruskin, who became the great champion of his work.
Turner became interested in contemporary technology, as can be seen from ‘The Fighting Temeraire’ and ‘Rain, Steam and Speed’. At the time his free, expressive treatment of these subjects was criticised, but it is now widely appreciated.
Turner bequeathed much of his work to the nation. The great majority of the paintings are now at Tate Britain.
Ulysses deriding Polyphemus- Homer’s Odyssey – 1829
The Fighting Temeraire – 1839
Sun Rising through Vapourv – 1807
Calais Pier – 1803
Jongkind was born in Latrop (Holland). He was influenced by Isabey. He lived partly in Holland, and partly in France. He specialised in landscapes. He was a friend of Boudin and influenced the young Monet .
River Scene 1860-80
Born in Haarlem, the son of the painter Paulus Wouwermans, he was probably trained by his father and by Frans Hals. His work was influenced by the landscapes of Jan Wijnants and by the scenes of Italian peasant life of Pieter van Laer, who returned to Haarlem from Rome in 1638.
Wouwermans became a member of the Haarlem painters’ guild in 1640 and his earliest dated paintings are of 1646.
A Dune Landscape with a River and Many Figures – 1660 – 68
Artist: Salomon van Ruysdael
Salomon van Ruysdael was one of the main pioneers, with Jan van Goyen, of naturalistic landscape in the earlier 17th century in Holland. He was the father of the landscape painter Jacob Salomonz. van Ruysdael, and the uncle of Jacob van Ruisdael, the most famous member of the family, whom he taught.
Ruysdael was born in Naarden (in the area known as Gooiland) and became a member of the Haarlem painters’ guild in 1623. Like van Goyen, he was influenced by the work of Esaias van de Velde, who had been active in Harlem from 1610 to 1618.
A prolific painter, Ruysdael specialised throughout his life in river and estuary scenes, of which the earliest dated example is of 1626. His earlier paintings, like van Goyen’s, are modest in theme and restricted in colour, the later works becoming more elaborate.
A View of Rhenen seen from the West -1648
A View of Deventer seen from the North-West – 1657
Clays was born in Bruges. He was taught in Paris by Horace Vernet. He was active in Antwerp until 1856, and then in Brussels, where he died. He was a marine painter.
Ships lying off Flushing – 1869
Ships lying near Dordrecht – 1870
Simon Jacobsz. de Vlieger spent the first part of his life in Rotterdam. He married there in 1627, and was still there in 1633. In October 1634 he became a member of the guild in Delft; by 1638 he was living in Amsterdam. He later settled at Weesp, a town near Amsterdam. He painted landscapes, animals and figure subjects, but he was mainly a seascape painter. His work influenced Jan van de Cappelle and Willem van de Velde the Younger.
A Dutch Man-of-war and Various Vessels in a Breeze 1638-45
A View of an Estuary 1645-50
Artist: Richard Parkes Bonington
La FertÃ© – 1825
Artist: Michele Marieschi
Buildings and Figures near a River with Shipping 1735-43
Bakhuizen was born in Emden; in about 1650 he settled in Amsterdam. He specialised in seascapes, almost invariably with rough water.
After the departure of van de Velde for England in 1672, he was the leading marine painter in Holland. He died in Amsterdam.