Drupal is a very user- friendly Content Management System (CMS). Drupal 7 is the latest version of this CMS that was released in the year 2011. Drupal 7 can be used for the purpose of enhancing the structure, appearance, usability as well as the purpose of any online website/ blog that is powered by Drupal. Apart from this, Drupal 7 has some other functionality as well. Also, there are millions of themes that can be created in Drupal 7. In the article, we will discuss some important factors and tips which need to be considered by web designers to create a drupal Theme.
Decide your goals
Before you begin creating your theme, it is important to understand the purpose as well as the design which you have in mind. After this, you need to look for all expected breakpoints in your design which may cause problems in the future. Only after resolving all these issues, you should move towards creating your own Drupal 7 theme.
Create a Theme information file
This file will consist of all the basic information about the theme which you are going to create. This file will have the extension .Info. In this phase, you will learn about the scope of your theme as well as the various features which will go hand in hand with the settings of your theme. There are several categories that are to be mentioned in this file. These include the name of the file, description, engine, version, core, scripts, features, style sheets as well as regions.
Design HTML5 page for each unique page
Depending on the design and grids used in your theme, you can download the required grids. There are various grids available online depending on the type of theme that you are planning to create. First of all, create a basic design and move higher towards major breakpoints. Now, convert these HTML5 pages into their corresponding template pages. This same template page can be used for all major as well as minor breakpoints. But before starting HTML5 for this purpose, make sure to declare it in the html.php.tpl file. After this, use an outline for the purpose of validating the outline of each page. At this point, there may be the need to make slight changes in your HTML5 code for proper validation.
In case you want to create any editable page for your Drupal 7 theme, it is important to create regions within your design. The most commonly made regions for any page are its header, footer, content area, right sidebar and many others. If you have not mentioned any such region, Drupal itself will specify some of its default regions. You will have to use Render Arrays in Drupal 7 for creating any region.
Add basic page element variables
Not only the regions, rather there are few other important parts of every website. In this phase, we will add a few important variables for various elements of the page. The variables that we add depend on the kind of elements that you want in your theme. Some of these elements are site name, logo, title, front page among others.
Create CSS for your theme
Similar to any usual site, you can create the CSS for your Drupal 7 theme as well. There may be some techniques that you are using and you can stick with them if you want.